Irving GUMES, Gabriel GUEDES, Ana Luisa SÓRIO, Henrique CYSNEIROS, Antônio FALCÃO, Dario Augusto Oliveira MIRANDA
Introduction: Implant placement has become the recommended treatment for rehabilitation of edentulous patients. Research in Implantology aims to develop rapid controlled procedures that provide patients and clinicians with greater comfort and predictability. In these circumstances, short implants were developed to replace conventional implant limited placement, thereby representing a feasible, simple and predictable alternative. Material and methods: To determine the prevalence of short implants use on a previously established sample of dental records, the latter were obtained from different dental offices and specialization courses between 2005 and 2012. The following was assessed: number of short implants (8.5-mm or 10-mm long), size of implants, the region where they were placed, as well as patients’ sex and age. Results: Of the 82 dental records analyzed, 459 implants were obtained; the majority (79%) of them was placed in female patients, 48.6% were 10-mm long and 14.8% were 8.5-mm long. For both implant sizes, the most prevalent age group was between 50 and 59 years old. Conclusion: The use of short implants, when compared to the use of conventional long ones, increased in recent years due to new research. They are recommended in different circumstances and have proved to be a safe, predictable, less expensive technique without the need for multiple surgery, in addition to preserving patient’s preexisting anatomic structures and being well received by patients and implant dentists.
Keywords: Osseointegration. Dental implants. Prevalence.
How to cite: Gumes I, Guedes G, Sório AL, Cysneiros H, Falcão A, Miranda DAO. Prevalence of short implants use in maxillaries: retrospective pilot study. Dental Press Implantol. 2015 Apr-Jun;9(2):89-99. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14436/2237-650X.9.2.089-099.oar
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