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The influence of sagittal position of the mandible in facial attractiveness and social perception

Lorena Marques Ferreira de Sena, Lislley Anne Lacerda Damasceno e Araújo, Arthur Costa Rodrigues Farias, Hallissa Simplício Gomes Pereira

Objective: This study aims at comparing the perception of orthodontists, maxillofacial surgeons, visual artists and laypersons when evaluating the influence of sagittal position of the mandible — in lateral view — in facial attractiveness; at a job hiring; and in the perception of socioeconomic profile. Methods: A black male, a white male, a black female and a white female with harmonic faces served as models to obtain a facial profile photograph. Each photograph was digitally manipulated to obtain seven facial profiles: an ideal, three simulating mandibular advancement and three simulating mandibular retrusion, producing 28 photographs. These photographs were evaluated through a questionnaire by orthodontists, maxillofacial surgeons, visual artists and laypersons. Results: The anteroposterior positioning of the mandible exerted strong influence on the level of facial attractiveness, but few significant differences between the different groups of evaluators were observed (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The profiles pointed as the most attractive were also pointed as more favorable to be hired to a job position and pointed also as having the best socioeconomic condition.

Keywords: Mandible. Social values. Esthetics.

How to cite: Sena LMF, Damasceno e Araújo LAL, Farias ACR, Pereira HSG. The influence of sagittal position of the mandible in facial attractiveness and social perception. Dental Press J Orthod. 2017 Mar-Apr;22(2):77-86. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-6709.22.2.077-086.oar

Thursday, November 23, 2017 12:45