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Evaluation of stability of three different mini-implants, based on thread shape factor and numerical analysis of stress around mini-implants with different insertion angle, with relation to en-masse retraction force

Safiya Sana, Rekha R. Kondapally, Ashok Kumar Talapaneni, Arshad Hussain, Sayeeda Laegue Bangi, Asma Fatima

Objectives: Assess the stability of three different mini-implants, based on thread shape factor (TSF), and evaluate stresses at the mini-implant site and surrounding cortical bone on application of retraction force, at two different insertion angles. Methods: Mini-implants of three different diameters (M1-Orthoimplant, 1.8mm), (M2-Tomas, 1.6mm) and (M3-Vec- tor TAS, 1.4mm) and length of 8mm were used. Using scanning electronic microscopy, the mean thread depth, pitch and relationship between the two (TSF) were calculated. The mini-implants were loaded into a synthetic bone block and the pull-out strength was tested. One way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc tests were used to compare the pull-out strength of mini-implants. P values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Finite element models (FEM) were constructed with insertion angulation at 90° and 60°, with retraction force of 150g. The results were analyzed using ANSYS software. Results: Statistically significant difference was found among all the three mini-implants for thread depth and pitch (<0.001). Statistically significant higher pull-out force value was seen for Orthoimplant. The stress distribution level in mini- implant and surrounding bone was observed to be smaller for Orthoimplant. Conclusion: Orthoimplant mini-implants have more favorable geometric characteristics among the three types, and less stress with 90°angulation.

Keywords: Thread shape factor. Primary stability. FEM.

How to cite: Sana S, Kondapally RR, Talapaneni AK, Hussain A, Bangi SL, Fatima A. Evaluation of stability of three different mini-implants, based on thread shape factor and numerical analysis of stress around mini-implants with different insertion angle, with relation to en-masse retraction force. Dental Press J Orthod. 2020 Nov-Dec;25(6):59-68.

Sunday, January 24, 2021 09:16